By Genevieve Prevost (Eds.)
Extensive reviews were carried out on quite a few parasitoid species, and just about all various techniques of the biology of parasitoids were, at least one time, studied on parasitoids of Drosophila. initially, this actual curiosity for species parasitizing Drosophila hosts has been stimulated by way of the outstanding wisdom we now have on Drosophila species themselves, and especially on D. melanogaster. taking advantage of this data, the examine carried out on Drosophila parasitoids have lined very different issues, comparable to physiological and immunity relationships with hosts, copy suggestions, the function of symbiotic micro-organisms, behavioural and chemical ecology, genetics, inhabitants dynamics, evolutionary biology, the various ways of which together with box surveys and laboratory experiments. accordingly, we now make the most of a very tremendous and prolonged wisdom of the biology (and additionally biochemistry, molecular genetics, .) of those parasitoid species as a rule belonging to Braconidae and Cynipidae Hymenoptera, and in their relationships with their Drosophila hosts.
Extensive stories were performed on a variety of parasitoid species, and just about all various techniques of the biology of parasitoids were, at least one time, studied on parasitoids of Drosophila.
This ebook synthesizes different fields of study that can be explored due to the "Drosophila parasitoid" version. It shows how the complementary wisdom bobbing up from various ways is inspiring the advance of latest parts of study in this organic version. it's going to additionally record ideas and techniques particularly tailored to the learn of larval parasitoid species.
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Additional info for Advances in Parasitology
Recently, Eslin and Pre´vost (1998) reported the successful development of A. tabida in other species of the D. melanogaster subgroup, such as D. sechellia (58%), D. simulans and D. mauritiana (18%) that could enlarge the potential host spectrum of this species. However, other studies have reported no development in D. simulans that expresses a complete resistance to A. tabida, whose eggs are encapsulated (Kraaijeveld and van der Wel, 1994), thus explaining the weak abundance of this species in orchards of Mediterranean area where D.
Boulardi females produce many more offspring at 25 C after development in D. melanogaster (mean total progeny 293) than on D. simulans (mean total progeny 184). The lesser quality of D. simulans as a host was confirmed for both L. boulardi and L. , 2004). Moreover, parasitoid genotype is also involved, since the southern genotype of L. heterotoma performs much better in D. simulans than in northern ones originating from the area where this host species is less abundant. , 2004). Traits other than egg load or total offspring count such as preimaginal development time, growth rate body size, adult longevity or fat reserve are also influenced by developmental host species (Eijs and van Alphen, 1999).
Melanogaster that show different suitability for L. heterotoma (Boule´treau and Wajnberg, 1986), L. , 1985) and A. tabida (Kraaijeveld and van Alphen, 1995a). , 1998 and this volume) but can also result from physiological inadequacy of the host with regard to parasite requirement (Boule´treau, 1986). , 2004). , 1990). 2. Effect of developmental host on parasite life histories Besides the developmental success, host species can influence a number of adult parasitoid traits either on emerging wasps as a result of phenotypic plasticity, or on offspring of these wasps by maternal effects.