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By Neel Ahuja

In Bioinsecurities Neel Ahuja argues that U.S. imperial growth has been formed by means of the makes an attempt of overall healthiness and armed forces officers to manage the interactions of people, animals, viruses, and micro organism on the borders of U.S. effect, a phenomenon referred to as the govt. of species. The publication explores efforts to manage the unfold of Hansen's ailment, venereal sickness, polio, smallpox, and HIV via interventions linking the continental usa to Hawai'i, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Congo, Iraq, and India within the 20th and twenty-first centuries. Ahuja argues that racial fears of contagion helped to provide public optimism bearing on country makes use of of prescribed drugs, scientific experimentation, army intervention, and incarceration to control the immune capacities of the physique. within the method, the protection country made the organic buildings of human and animal populations into websites of fight within the politics of empire, unleashing new sufferer activisms and sorts of resistance to clinical and army authority around the more and more worldwide sphere of U.S. impression.

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Extra info for Bioinsecurities: Disease Interventions, Empire, and the Government of Species

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29 To that end, I explore affect as a domain of vital potentials that not only encompasses the forms of interface situated in the nervous system, but explicitly connects the materials of the nervous system (which interfaces subjects with mass-mediated texts and images) to immune and digestive systems (where bodies are constituted through interspecies assemblage and biotechnical intervention). Alimentary, immune, and nervous interfaces connecting bodies to media cultures often shape empire’s racialized sites of bodily fear and disgust.

Beginning in the 1870s, industrial expansion and its unequal concentration of wealth in corporate monopolies allowed US capitalists to emerge for the first time as a financial rival to Britain. 3 This expansion involved taking over land in the Pacific and the Caribbean, with the broader goal of the enforced opening of Chinese and Japanese markets to US trade. While fears of imperial overstretch and the dangers of expanding contact permeated public discourses on expanding territorial settlement and trade in both the Pacific and the Caribbean during the 1890s, Hansen’s disease offered a ready trope of empire’s racial contagion that could be transmuted into attempts to control personal and environmental space in 32 CHAP T E R 1 an era of shifting borders.

Races held a kind of embodied memory of pathogens across space and time, a memory that was tested as native antigens encountered invasive settler immune systems. Anderson sums up the relation of ecological disease theory to settler colonialism succinctly: “Resident in settler societies such as the United States and Australia, pioneer disease ecologists were especially attuned to the persisting impact of colonial development policies, to the lasting effects of agricultural change and human resettlement.

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